Report – Fisheries Governance for Food Security: What lies behind the concept of Rights-Based Fisheries?
Today, the governance failures are recognised and new solutions are sought to set the record straight and move toward sustainable fisheries. Both the EU and the World Bank proposes Rights-Based fisheries management as the solution, but evidence from some of the countries where this system is already in place, tells us that this is highly problematic for small-scale fisheries and in particular in relation to livelihood opportunities and food security.
There are increasing calls for a “human rights approach” to fisheries to be adopted. Such an approach places hu-man rights at the centre of fisheries policy dialogue and at the centre of the debate on fisheries development. It is an approach which challenges a more technical rights-based approach, which proposes the privatisation and marketing of fishing rights, and therefore promotes economic interests and economic development over social development. Often based on the assigning of property rights to individual fishers or companies, this latter approach tends to favour the individual over the collective, and corporate interests above community interests, and to see fisheries through a productivist lens.
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